Published on 01 Jan 07
by Australian Tax Research Foundation
This paper looks at a range of government tax and service issues from the point of view of comparing “aggregate tax burdens”. It discusses the use of the tax-to-GDP ratio as an indicator of tax burden and some of the problems that this measure can present. To get meaningful comparisons, it
relates the tax-to-GDP indicator to the purposes for which tax is collected, showing that without these links the tax-to-GDP indicator has a range of weaknesses that can give misleading impressions of government size and tax burden. The paper provides a brief survey of some other issues that may have affected Australia’s tax burden in the past, and which may influence the future scope for change.
The aim of the paper is to get a better understanding of the measures and the issues they address. It is not a paper that ultimately takes sides in the debate about whether tax burdens are too high or too low. The intention is to provide a high level map of the issues, to better inform the political discussion rather than directly participate in it.
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