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The compliance costs of Australia’s emissions trading scheme: An exploratory analysis


The Australian Government intends to introduce a carbon emissions permit trading scheme from 1 July 2011 (subject to Parliamentary approval), postponed one year from its originally proposed starting date, and to be phased in over probably a decade or so. The revenue effect of this scheme is estimated to be A$4.5 billion in 2011-12 and A$13 billion in 2012-13, its first year of (‘real’) operation with auctioned permits. The scheme will initially comprise around 1,000 large emitters, namely those with emissions over 25,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per annum. The Government will allocate some free permits in the early years of its Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS) as a form of compensation to certain industries. There will be compensation for households, businesses and affected industries under a roughly ‘revenue-neutral’ system. To date the Government has recognized specific compliance costs issues, such as the application of Goods and Services Tax to trading, but has not made any analysis of possible overall compliance costs of the ETS.

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Prof Jeffrey Pope
Jeff is Professor and Director of the Tax Policy Research Unit , school of Economics and Finance, Curtin University. - Current at 01 April 2014
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