Published on 01 Aug 08
by "THE TAX SPECIALIST" JOURNAL ARTICLE
The concept of “effectively non-contingent obligation” (ENCO) is central to the application of the debt/equity rules. It is a difficult concept, not the least because of the poor wording of the legislation but also the lack of case law guidance. After examining the words, the structure and the history of the ENCO concept, this article proposes a conceptual framework to comprehend this concept in a bid to solicit further debate in this area.
Kai is a Tax Consultant with Greenwoods & Freehills.
- Current at
06 May 2014